Heat stress in cattle

Compared to other animals, cattle cannot dissipate heat load effectively through sweating- cattle rely on respiration to cool down. Hence during hot ambient temperature,  feed intake is decreased to avoid… Read more »

Mixed production systems

  This traditional system was initially influenced by the need to keep and feed draught animals and the advantage of possibly producing high-value livestock products for selling. Blackburn  (1998) reported this… Read more »