Key References


CCAFS 2016. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Full Proposal 2017-2022. CCAFS.

CCAFS. 2017. A series of side events at COP23 for setting an agenda for transforming agricultural development in the face of climate change [Online]. Available:

CCAFS. 2018. CCAFS website [Online]. Available:

FÖRCH, W., SCHUETZ, T., ABREU, D., TOBON, H. & THORNTON, P. 2015. Building an online platform in support of outcome-focused results-based program management. CCAFS.


CGIAR 2017. CGIAR Annual Report 2016, Innovations for Global Food Security. Montpellier, France.: CGIAR.

CGIAR. 2018. CGIAR website [Online]. Available: https://

CGIAR CONSORTIUM OFFICE 2015. CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework 2016-2030: Redefining how CGIAR does business until 2030.

Climate Finance

AMERASINGHE, N. M., THWAITES, J., LARSEN, G. & BALLESTEROS, A. 2017. Future of the Funds: Exploring the Architecture of Multilateral Climate Finance. World Resources Institute.

BIRD, N., WATSON, C. & SCHALATEK, L. 2017. The Global Climate Finance Architecture. London: Overseas Development Institute.

BUCHNER, B., OLIVER, P., WANG, X., CARSWELL, C., MEATTLE, C. & MAZZA, F. 2017. Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2017.

DRUCE, L., MOSLENER, U., GRUENING, C., PAUW, W. P. & CONNELL, R. 2016. Demystifying adaptation finance for the private sector. the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

FENTON, A., WRIGHT, H., AFIONIS, S., PAAVOLA, J. & HUQ, S. 2014. Debt relief and financing climate change action. Nature Climate Change, 4, 650.

GLOBAL INNOVATION LAB FOR CLIMATE FINANCE. 2018. Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance Website [Online]. Available: https:// [Accessed April 2018.

GUZMÁN, S., KÖHLER, M. & ECKSTEIN, D. 2016. CFAS Fact Sheet: Reporting of Climate Finance under the UNFCCC. Climate Finance Advisory Service (CFAS).

KHAN, F. I. & SCHINN, D. S. 2013. Triple transformation. Nature Climate Change, 3, 692.

NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE 2017. Money for Climate. Nature Climate Change, 7, 455.

OECD 2017. Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth. Germany: OECD, German G20 Presidency.

OECD 2018. OECD DAC Blended Finance Principles for Unlocking Commerical Finance for the Sustainable Development Goals. OECD.

PAUW, W. P. 2015. Not a panacea: private-sector engagement in adaptation and adaptation finance in developing countries. Climate Policy, 15, 583-603.

ROBERTS, J. T. & WEIKMANS, R. 2017. Postface: fragmentation, failing trust and enduring tensions over what counts as climate finance. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 17, 129-137.

SADLER, M., MILLAN ARREDONDO, A., SWANN, S., VASILEIOU, I., BAEDEKER, T., PARIZAT, R., GERMER, L. & MIKULCAK, F. 2016. Making Climate Finance Work in Agriculture. Washington DC, United States of America: World Bank Group.

WORLD BANK 2018. Agriculture Finance & Agriculture Insurance. World Bank website: The World Bank.

WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE. 2018. Climate Finance [Online]. Available: [Accessed April 2018.

YE, W., VASILEIOU, I. & FÖRCH, W. 2016. Climate finance for agricultural adaptation.

Climate-Smart Agriculture

BEINTEMA, N. M., STADS, G.-J., FUGLIE, K. O. & HEISEY, P. 2012. ASTI global assessment of agricultural R&D spending. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Resarch Institute (IFPRI).

DINESH, D., CAMPBELL, B. M., BONILLA-FINDJI, O. & RICHARDS, M. 2017. 10 best bet innovations for adaptation in agriculture: A supplement to the UNFCCC NAP Technical Guidelines.

FAO 2012. Identifying Opportunities for Climate-Smart Agriculture Investments in Africa. Rome: FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).

FAO 2013. Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

FAO 2017. The future of food and agriculture – Trends and challenges. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

IRISH AID AND IIED 2017. Guidance note: Promoting climate-resilient agriculture in smallholder farming.

JARVIS, A. 2013. Establishing a climate smart agricultural world. In: CCAFS (ed.). CCAFS.

LIPPER, L., THORNTON, P., CAMPBELL, B. M., BAEDEKER, T., BRAIMOH, A., BWALYA, M., CARON, P., CATTANEO, A., GARRITY, D. & HENRY, K. 2014. Climate-smart agriculture for food security. Nature Climate Change, 4, 1068.

MEADU, V., I, C., VERMEULEN, S. J. & FRIIS, A. E. 2015. The Paris Climate Agreement: what it means for food and farming. In: CCAFS (ed.) CCAFS Policy Briefs. CCAFS.

REARDON, T. & ZILBERMAN, D. 2017. Climate Smart Food Supply Chains in Developing Countries in an Era of Rapid Dual Change in Agrifood Systems and the Climate. In L. Lipper, N. McCarthy, D. Zilberman, S. Asfaw, G. Branca. Climate Smart Agriculture: Building Resilience to Climate Change (Eds). USA: Springer.

RICHARDS, M., BRUUN, T. B., CAMPBELL, B. M., GREGERSEN, L. E., HUYER, S., KUNTZE, V., MADSEN, S. T. N., OLDVIG, M. B. & VASILEIOU, I. 2016. How countries plan to address agricultural adaptation and mitigation: An analysis of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions. CCAFS dataset.

STEENWERTH, K. L., HODSON, A. K., BLOOM, A. J., CARTER, M. R., CATTANEO, A., CHARTRES, C. J., HATFIELD, J. L., HENRY, K., HOPMANS, J. W. & HORWATH, W. R. 2014. Climate-smart agriculture global research agenda: scientific basis for action. Agriculture & Food Security, 3, 11.

Climate Change

EDENHOFER, O., PICHS‐MADRUGA, R., SOKONA, Y., KADNER, S., MINX, J. & BRUNNER, S. 2014. Climate Change 2014: Mitigation. Technical Summary. Climate Change 2014: Mitigation. IPCC.

IPCC 2014. IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the

IPCC 2014. IPCC, 2014: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

IPCC 2014. IPCC, 2014: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

ROGELJ, J., DEN ELZEN, M., HÖHNE, N., FRANSEN, T., FEKETE, H., WINKLER, H., SCHAEFFER, R., SHA, F., RIAHI, K. & MEINSHAUSEN, M. 2016. Paris Agreement climate proposals need a boost to keep warming well below 2 C. Nature, 534, 631.

UNDP. 2016. Sustainable Development Goals, Goal 13: Climate Action, Goal 13 Targets [Online]. Available:

UNFCCC 2015. Climate Action Now: Summary for Policymakers 2015. Bonn, Germany: United Nations Climate Change Secretariat.

UNFCCC 2016. UNFCCC Standing Committee on Finance: 2016 Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows Report. Bonn, Germany.

UNFCCC. 2018b. UNFCCC Climate Finance Web Page [Online]. Available:


ARDICHVILI, A. 2008. Learning and knowledge sharing in virtual communities of practice: Motivators, barriers, and enablers. Advances in developing human resources, 10, 541-554.

CAMPBELL, D. 2001. Fundraising Forum: High-End Strategic Alliances as Fundraising Opportunities. Nonprofit World. Madison, WI, USA: Society for Nonprofit Organizations.

CRACKNELL, J., MILLER, F. & WILLIAMS, H. 2013. Passionate Collaboration? Taking the Pulse of the UK Environmental Sector. United Kingdom: The Environmental Funders Network (EFN).

HARTUNG, K. & OLIVEIRA, M. 2013. Communities of Practice: creating and sharing knowledge. REGE. Revista de Gestão, 20, 407.

NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NONPROFITS. 2018. Community of Practice [Online]. National Council of Nonprofits. Available: https://

PROBST, G. & BORZILLO, S. 2008. Why communities of practice succeed and why they fail. European Management Journal, 26, 335-347.

PROULX, K. E., HAGER, M. A. & KLEIN, K. C. 2014. Models of collaboration between nonprofit organizations. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 63, 746-765.

SAINT-ONGE, H. & WALLACE, D. 2012. Leveraging communities of practice for strategic advantage, Routledge.

WENGER, E. 2011. Communities of practice: A brief introduction.

WORLD BANK 2003. Communities of Practice: Questions and Answers.


CLARKE, C. 2009. Storytelling for grantseekers: A guide to creative nonprofit fundraising, John Wiley & Sons.

DODGE, J., HOFMANN-PINILLA, A., BEARD, A. & MURPHY, C. 2013. Beyond Foundation Funding: Revenue-Generating Strategies for Sustainable Social Change. New York, NY, USA: Research Center for Leadership in Action, New York University’s Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service.

DREXLER, M., NOBLE, A. & BRYCE, J. From the margins to the mainstream: Assessment of the impact investment sector and opportunities to engage mainstream investors. World Economic Forum, 2013.

HEYMAN, D. R. 2011. Nonprofit management 101.

KLEIN, K. 2011b. Fundraising for social change, John Wiley & Sons.

LEE, J. 2017. The Next Wave in Fundraising Collaboration. Stanford Social Innovation Review.


ADAPTATION FUND. 2018. About the Adaptation Fund: Governance [Online]. Available: https://

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP 2018. African Development Bank leads on creating an Africa Financial Alliance for Climate Change.

BILL & MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION. 2018. Agricultural Development website [Online]. Available: https://

DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS ENERGY & INDUSTRIAL STRATEGY 2018. UK Participation in Horizon 2020: UK government overview with Q&A. In: DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, E. I. S. (ed.). London, United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN UNION 2018. EU Budget for the Future, Horizon Europe: EU Funding for Research and Innovation 2021-2027. Brussels, Belgium.

CROWLEY, H. 2018a. Collaborative Fundraising – Part I (What and Why) and Part II (The How). Available from:

GLOBAL IMPACT INVESTING NETWORK. 2018. Impact Investing [Online]. Available:

GREEN CLIMATE FUND. 2018. Green Climate Fund: About the Fund [Online]. Available: https://

ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION. 2018. Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) webpage [Online]. Available: https://