If you were ever unclear as to what the concept empowerment actually means this paper should clear it up. A really concise and well written piece of work. The author,Naila Kabeer, gives a clear description of what has been a widely defined concept.
To be empowered is such a personal thing to an individual. This in itself makes it difficult to be measured. Kabeer highlights that it is only those whom feel disempowered can feel empowered.